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There have been countless cases where the Consumer has been charged more price or has been misled in respect of the true price of the good.
The Consumer Protection prescribes mechanism to identify and punish the traders for adopting such practice.
Under Consumer Protection Act the term "Complaint" is defined as any allegation in writing, made by a complainant for obtaining any relief provided by or under this Act, that— (i) an unfair contract or unfair trade practice or a restrictive trade practice has been adopted by any trader or service provider; (ii) the goods bought by him or agreed to be bought by him suffer from one or more defects; (iii) the services hired or availed of or agreed to be hired or availed of by him suffer from any deficiency; (iv) a trader or a service provider, as the case may be, has charged for the goods or for the services mentioned in the complaint, a price in excess of the price— (a) fixed by or under any law for the time being in force;(b) displayed on the goods or any package containing such goods ;or ( c) displayed on the goods or any package containing such goods; or(d) agreed between the parties.Unfair Trade Practice
Under Consumer Protection Act , Severe punishment is prescribed for the trader who materially misleads the public concerning the price at which a product or like products or goods or services, have been or are, ordinarily sold or provided, and, for this purpose, a representation as to price shall be deemed to refer to the price at which the product or goods or services has or have been sold by sellers or provided by suppliers generally in the relevant market unless it is clearly specified to be the price at which the product has been sold or services have been provided by the person by whom or on whose behalf the representation is made; (j) gives false or misleading facts disparaging the goods, services or trade of another person.Punishment
Under Consumer Protection Act , where the District/State/National Commission is satisfied that the goods complained against suffer from any of the defects specified in the complaint or that any of the allegations contained in the complaint about the services or any unfair trade practices, or claims for compensation under product liability are proved, it shall issue an order to the opposite party directing him to do one or more of the following, namely:— (a) to remove the defect pointed out by the appropriate laboratory from the goods in question; (b) to replace the goods with new goods of similar description which shall be free from any defect; (c) to return to the complainant the price, or, as the case may be, the charges paid by the complainant along with such interest on such price or charges as may be decided; (d) to pay such amount as may be awarded by it as compensation to the consumer for any loss or injury suffered by the consumer due to the negligence of the opposite party: Provided that the District Commission shall have the power to grant punitive damages in such circumstances as it deems fit; (e) to pay such amount as may be awarded by it as compensation in a product liability action; (f) to remove the defects in goods or deficiencies in the services in question; (g) to discontinue the unfair trade practice or restrictive trade practice and not to repeat them; (h) not to offer the hazardous or unsafe goods for sale; (i) to withdraw the hazardous goods from being offered for sale; (j) to cease manufacture of hazardous goods and to desist from offering services which are hazardous in nature; (k) to pay such sum as may be determined by it, if it is of the opinion that loss or injury has been suffered by a large number of consumers who are not identifiable conveniently: Provided that the minimum amount of sum so payable shall not be less than twenty-five per cent. of the value of such defective goods sold or service provided, as the case may be, to such consumers.
Hence, Consumer Protection Act provides for a robust mechanism to address Price related grievances of a Consumer.
Price related issues are governed by Consumer Protection Act 2019What is unfair trade practice
Unfair Trade Practice means a trade practice which, for the purpose of promoting the sale, use or supply of any goods or for the provision of any service, adopts any unfair method or unfair or deceptive practice including any of the following practices, namely
(i) making any statement, whether orally or in writing or by visible representation including by means of electronic record, which
(a) falsely represents that the goods are of a particular standard, quality, quantity, grade, composition, style or model;
(b) falsely represents that the services are of a particular standard, quality or grade;
(c) falsely represents any re-built, second-hand, renovated, reconditioned or old goods as new goods;
(d) represents that the goods or services have sponsorship, approval, performance, characteristics, accessories, uses or benefits which such goods or services do not have;
(e) represents that the seller or the supplier has a sponsorship or approval or affiliation which such seller or supplier does not have;
(f) makes a false or misleading representation concerning the need for, or the usefulness of, any goods or services;
(g) gives to the public any warranty or guarantee of the performance, efficacy or length of life of a product or of any goods that is not based on an adequate or proper test thereof:
Provided that where a defence is raised to the effect that such warranty or guarantee is based on adequate or proper test, the burden of proof of such defence shall lie on the person raising such defence;
(h) makes to the public a representation in a form that purports to be—
(A) a warranty or guarantee of a product or of any goods or services; or
(B) a promise to replace, maintain or repair an article or any part thereof or to repeat or continue a service until it has achieved a specified result,
if such purported warranty or guarantee or promise is materially misleading or if there is no reasonable prospect that such warranty, guarantee or promise will be carried out;
(i) materially misleads the public concerning the price at which a product or like products or goods or services, have been or are, ordinarily sold or provided, and, for this purpose, a representation as to price shall be deemed to refer to the price at which the product or goods or services has or have been sold by sellers or provided by suppliers generally in the relevant market unless it is clearly specified to be the price at which the product has been sold or services have been provided by the person by whom or on whose behalf the representation is made;
(j) gives false or misleading facts disparaging the goods, services or trade of another person.